By 1294, much of Asia was invaded by Mongols. But, on September 3, 1260, the Ain Jalut erupted, launching the extinction of the Mongolian empire.


The Battle of Ain Jalut (Ayn Jalut, in Arabic: عين جالوت, the “Spring of Goliath”, or Harod Spring, in Hebrew: מעין חרוד) took place on 3 September 1260 between Muslim Mamluks and the Mongols in southeastern Galilee, in Jezreel Valley, not far from the site of Zir’in. The battle marked the south-westernmost extent of Mongol conquests, and was the first time a Mongol advance had been permanently halted. This was blamed on the sudden death of the then-Khagan Möngke Khan; an event that forced the Mongol Ilkhanate Hulagu Khan to take a large part of his army back with him on the way to Mongolia. This left Hulagu’s lieutenant, Kitbuga, with only a small detachment of soldiers.



Map of Mongol Empire