By 1294, much of Asia was invaded by Mongols. But, on September 3, 1260, the Ain Jalut erupted, launching the extinction of the Mongolian empire.

1246-1259-Mongke-Khan-BR800

The Battle of Ain Jalut (Ayn Jalut, in Arabic: عين جالوت, the “Spring of Goliath”, or Harod Spring, in Hebrew: מעין חרוד) took place on 3 September 1260 between Muslim Mamluks and the Mongols in southeastern Galilee, in Jezreel Valley, not far from the site of Zir’in. The battle marked the south-westernmost extent of Mongol conquests, and was the first time a Mongol advance had been permanently halted. This was blamed on the sudden death of the then-Khagan Möngke Khan; an event that forced the Mongol Ilkhanate Hulagu Khan to take a large part of his army back with him on the way to Mongolia. This left Hulagu’s lieutenant, Kitbuga, with only a small detachment of soldiers.

 

References:

Map of Mongol Empire

http://archive.aramcoworld.com/issue/200704/history.s.hinge.ain.jalut.htm

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